An ontology and inventory of geopolitical entities such as nations and their components (states, provinces, districts, counties) and the actual physical territories over which they have jurisdiction. We thus distinguish and assign different identifiers to the US in "The US declared war on Germany" vs. the US in "The plane entered US airspace".

Preferred Prefix
geographical location human geography obo ontology physical geography
Homepage Repository OWL
Bill Hogan   0000-0002-9881-1017   hoganwr
Pattern for Local Unique Identifiers

Local identifiers in Geographical Entity Ontology should match this regular expression:

Example Local Unique Identifier
000000021   Resolve
Pattern for CURIES

Compact URIs (CURIEs) constructed from Geographical Entity Ontology should match this regular expression:

Example CURIE
MIRIAM Namespace Embedded in LUI
The legacy MIRIAM standard for generating CURIEs with this resource annotates the namespaceEmbeddedInLUI as true. This means that you may see local unique identifiers that include a redundant prefix and delimiter (also known as a banana) and therefore look like a CURIE. For Geographical Entity Ontology, the banana looks like GEO_. Therefore, you may see local unique identifiers for this resource that look like GEO_000000021 (instead of the canonical form 000000021) and CURIEs for this resource that look like GEOGEO:GEO_000000021 (instead of the canonical form GEOGEO:000000021). The Bioregistry will automatically strip off the banana when standardizing local unique identifiers and CURIEs.
Metaregistry Geographical Entity Ontology

The metaregistry provides mappings between the Bioregistry and other registries. There are 8 mappings to external registries for this resource with 3 unique external prefixes.

Registry Name Registry Metaprefix External Prefix Curate
AberOWL AberOWL logo aberowl GEO
BioContext biocontext GEO
BioPortal BioPortal Prefixes logo bioportal GEO
FAIRSharing FAIRSharing logo fairsharing FAIRsharing.27rndz logo miriam geogeo
OBO Foundry OBO Foundry logo obofoundry geo
OLS Ontology Lookup Service logo ols geo
OntoBee OntoBee logo ontobee GEO
RDF Information

When using this resource in RDF, the following URI format should be used:$1


A provider turns a local unique identifiers from a resource into a URI. Many providers are also resolvable as URLs (i.e., they can be used in a web browser).

The local unique identifier 000000021 is used to demonstrate the providers available for Geographical Entity Ontology. A guide for curating additional providers can be found here.

Name Metaprefix URI
Geographical Entity Ontology geogeo
Geographical Entity Ontology (RDF) rdf
Bioregistry bioregistry miriam
OBO Foundry obofoundry
Ontology Lookup Service ols
BioPortal Prefixes bioportal