GENO is an OWL model of genotypes, their more fundamental sequence components, and links to related biological and experimental entities. At present many parts of the model are exploratory and set to undergo refactoring. In addition, many classes and properties have GENO URIs but are place holders for classes that will be imported from an external ontology (e.g. SO, ChEBI, OBI, etc). Furthermore, ongoing work will implement a model of genotype-to-phenotype associations. This will support description of asserted and inferred relationships between a genotypes, phenotypes, and environments, and the evidence/provenance behind these associations. Documentation is under development as well, and for now a slidedeck is available at

Preferred Prefix
disease phenotype genomics genotype obo ontology
Homepage Repository OBO OWL OBO JSON
Matthew Brush   0000-0002-1048-5019   mbrush
Pattern for Local Unique Identifiers

Local identifiers in Genotype Ontology should match this regular expression:

Example Local Unique Identifier
0000632   Resolve
Pattern for CURIES

Compact URIs (CURIEs) constructed from Genotype Ontology should match this regular expression:

Example CURIE
Metaregistry Genotype Ontology

The metaregistry provides mappings between the Bioregistry and other registries. There are 7 mappings to external registries for this resource with 2 unique external prefixes.

Registry Name Registry Metaprefix External Prefix Curate
AberOWL AberOWL logo aberowl GENO
BioContext biocontext GENO
BioPortal BioPortal Prefixes logo bioportal GENO
FAIRSharing FAIRSharing logo fairsharing FAIRsharing.kpbna7
OBO Foundry OBO Foundry logo obofoundry geno
OLS Ontology Lookup Service logo ols geno
OntoBee OntoBee logo ontobee GENO
RDF Information

When using this resource in RDF, the following URI format should be used:$1


A provider turns a local unique identifiers from a resource into a URI. Many providers are also resolvable as URLs (i.e., they can be used in a web browser).

The local unique identifier 0000632 is used to demonstrate the providers available for Genotype Ontology. A guide for curating additional providers can be found here.

Name Metaprefix URI
Genotype Ontology geno
Genotype Ontology (RDF) rdf
Bioregistry bioregistry
OBO Foundry obofoundry
Ontology Lookup Service ols
BioPortal Prefixes bioportal